transition words

To improve your language skills you need to make sure, that your ideas stick together and that the gap between them is bridged smoothly. This is by using transition words and phrases that help bring two ideas together. Certain words help You to continue an idea, indicate a shift of though or contrast, or sum up a conclusion. See the following list of words to find those that will pull your thoughts together.

transition of logic

Transitions of logic consist of words or phrases that convey "logical intent": that is, they show the logical connection between two ideas. Since there are several possible logical connections (such as time, purpose, contrast), there are several categories of transitions of logic. The table below lists many of these transitions, arranged by category and listed as milder or stronger. (Note that there is some double listing, because of the different ways words can be used.) Some hints for use:

  • transitions become stronger when they are the first word in a sentence, milder when they are moved a few words into the sentence
  • keep this list handy while you write, until the words come automatically
This matter has been already discussed in lesson 18. - sentences with coordinate and subordinate clauses. Moreover, you need to remember words from the table in lesson 11. - adverbs and idioms.

Here you can see the most used transition words and phrases. Before using a particular transitional word from this table, be sure you understand its exact meaning and usage completely and try to translate all words which this glue is made from.

 and  i
   or  ili
   ni ... ni ...
 neither ... nor ... 
 moreover, in addition 
   further, furthermore, even more 
 ještie (adv.)
   also, too
   besides  kromie (adv.)
   again  iznovo (adv.)
   first, in the first place
 izp'rva, v p'rvih
   second, secondly
 v vtorih
 v tretih
   finally  nakonec (adv.)
   next  daleje (adv.)
   last  posledno (adv.)
 time  while, when
 kogda (adv.)
   after, afterwards
 potom (adv.), posle (prep. G)
   during  v tečeniji ... G
 daleje (adv.)
   immediately  sejčasno (adv.), neposredno (adv.
   now, this time
 sejčas (adv.), nynie (adv.)
   later  pozdnieje (adv.)
   earlier  ranieje (adv.)
   soon  skoro (adv.)
   sometimes  niekolikokrat (adv.)
   following  sledujuč (adv.)
   never  nikogda (adv.)
   always  vsegda (adv.)
   whenever  niekogda (adv.)
   once  jedin raz (adv.)
   simultaneously  jednočasno (adv.) s ... I
   subsequently  postupno (adv.) ot ... G
 place  here  tu, tudie, tamo (adv.)
   beyond  za (prep. G)
 niekdie, niekamo (adv.)
   neighboring on
 sled (prep. G), susedno (adv.) s ... I
   nearby  bliz (prep. G)
   opposite to
 protiv (prep. D)
   above  nad (prep. A,I)
   below  pod (prep. A,I)
 to illustrate, to demostrate
 ukazajuč (adv.) ... A
   for instance, for example
 naprimier (adv.)
   specifically  specifično (adv.ot ... G
   e.g.  napr.
 comparison  in the same way
 rovno s ... I, rovno kako ... N
   in like manner, likewise
 podobno ot ... G
   similarly  podobno (adv.)
 contrast  but  no
   however  ali
   on the contrary
 na razliku ot ... G
   on the other hand, otherwise
 iz drugej strany ... G
   despite of, yet, notwithstanding
   vice versa, backwards
 povratno (adv.) ot ... G
 clarification  that is to say
 tako riečeno
   i.e., that is
 to jest
   in other words, to rephrase it
 drugimi slovami
   to clarify, to explain
 na objasnienije ... G
   thus, therefore, hence  ubo
 cause  because  zatože
   since  ot (prep. G)
   on account of
 radi (prep. G)
   let us assume that
 predpokladajme, že ... N
   for reason
 po pričinie ... G
 effect  thus, therefore, hence  ubo
   consequently  sled (prep. G)
   accordingly  rovno s ... I
   as a result
 v rezultatu ... G
 purpose  in order that
 da, da by
   for this purpose
 v smyslu ... G
 qualification  almost  bliz (prep. G), nemalo (adv.)
   never  nikogda (adv.)
   always  vsegda (adv.)
   maybe, perhaps
 možno (adv.)
   probably  pravdiepodobno (adv.)
   frequently  često (adv.), frekventirano (adv.) 
   although  hotj (adv.)
 intensification  indeed, sure
   of course
 jasno (adv.)
   without doubt, undoubtedly
 bezsumno (adv.)
   by all means
 v vsih značenijah ... G
   certainly  istino (adv.)
 concession  to be sure
 uvierieno (adv.)
   it is true
 pravda jest, že ...
   of course
 jasno (adv.)
   obviously  očevidno (adv.)
 summary  to sum up, in summary, together 
 vkupie (adv.)
   in short, in brief
 kratko (adv.)
  to dissolve
 na razrešenije ... G
 conclusion  to conclude
 na zaključenije ... G
   finally  nakonec (adv.)

transitions of thought

Transitions of thought consist of words that help maintain the continuity of thought from one sentence or paragraph to the next. Transitions of thought are produced by the following techniques:


Follow a noun with a personal pronoun in order to continue the same subject and a possessive pronoun in order to move to something related to the original subject. See lesson 7. for details.

Fido spi. On jest dobry pes. Jego dom jest pod jablonjej.
Fido is asleep. He is a good dog. His house is under the apple tree.

Personal pronouns are: ja, ty, on, ona, ono, my, vy, oni.
Possessive pronouns are genitives made from on, ona, ono, onijego, jej, jego, jih.

keyword repetition

Repeat the word around which the discussion is focusing. 

Praga imaje mnogo istoričnih pametnikov. Tuti pametniky sut stare domy, mosty, theatra i hramy. Najstarejšy pražsky pametnik jest iz romanskej ery.
Prague has a lot of historical monuments. These monuments are old houses, bridges, teaters and churches. The oldest monument is from the Romanesque period.


A synonym is a word that means nearly the same as another word. This is very important for your communication in Neoslavonic. Using synonyms will help you convince that your partners really understand what you are saying.

Vaše auto jest liepe. No myslim, že taky voz je mnogo skupy.
Your car is very nice. But I think, that such kind of vehicle is expensive.

demonstrative pronouns

Use demonstrative pronouns in order to refer something already existed in the previous clause. Demonstrative pronouns are toj, ta, to and their derivatives tutoj, tamtoj, ... . See lesson 3. for details.

Moj brat imaje veliky dom. Jako stary jest toj dom?
My brother has a big house. How old is this house?

This page is assembled from the text of Robert Harris and the Writing Center, University of Wysconsin - Madison applied to the Neoslavonic language.